A Case for HTML Archives for FDA Submission

Currently FDA official submissions must be in XML or PDF format, with the preference being the submission of at least the XML format. The rationale for these is the need to have a document that will be readable and accessible in perpetuity. This is definitely an...

Reducing Qualitative Data Analysis Through Autocomplete Text Fields

Background One of the difficulties in doing research that occurs during the data analysis phase is how to analyze open text entries. Anytime data is collected into a text field, it becomes a qualitative data point when it comes to data analysis. Analyzing qualitative...

Handling a Surgical Study with Repeated Observation Times

  Challenge   While collecting repeated observations of animals using a standardize scale is not in itself a challenge, allowing access to only one scale at a time during the appropriate time frame to the correct individual is a challenge. For this particular study,...

Improving Inter-Rater Reliability

  Challenge   When multiple raters will be used to assess the condition of a subject, it is important to improve inter-rater reliability, particularly if the raters are transglobal. The complexity of language barriers, nationality custom bias, and global locations...